Common causes of pain during sex

Pain during sex can be caused by a number of underlying conditions that differ between the two sexes. In a 2016 British study published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, one in ten women experienced severe pain and discomfort during intimate contact. Accepting this as normal or because they are ashamed, these women do not seek medical help.

Such statistics on the representatives of the stronger sex are not yet known, but in all people, this condition is called dyspareunia – painful sexual intercourse.

What are the most common causes of women? Infections come first. They most commonly affect the labia, vagina, and urinary tract. The regular culprits are fungal infections, chlamydia, and trichomonas vaginalis – the pain is moderate. More severe pain can cause inflammation of the cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

After that, the leading causes are cancers of the genital tract and tissue damage as a result of pelvic trauma, surgery, or childbirth.

Anatomical variations are strictly individual – remnants of the hymen, prolapse of the uterus, or vagina – they all lead to severe discomfort and can even lead to the avoidance of sexual activity.

Hormonal activity is another important issue. Conditions such as endometriosis and adenomyosis affect the lining of the uterus and require medical attention. Lack of female sex hormone – estrogen, on the contrary, can lead to insufficient moisture of the vagina and cause strong tissue friction during penetration – in addition to pain, this can also lead to tissue ruptures, which increase the risk of developing sexually transmitted diseases. disease disease.

In men, pain most often occurs in the testicles or glans penis, mostly after ejaculation. Infections of the prostate, bladder, and vas deferens cause severe, burning pain and itching after ejaculation. With inflammation of the bladder, intense pain occurs during ejaculation.

More than 50% of dyspareunia in men is caused by a frenulum breve. The frenulum or “bridle” is the name of the elastic tissue located under the head of the penis, which connects it to the movable foreskin – the foreskin. It may be too short or tear during particularly vigorous intercourse. If any condition is present, it prevents the foreskin from moving along the length of the penis. In addition to being painful, this condition makes it difficult to insert and hold a condom.

In younger people, lack of experience and hasty movements are also possible causes. In any case, after pain during sex, it is desirable to consult a specialist urologist, gynecologist, or sexologist.


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