The testicles are one of the most sensitive parts of the male body. Discomfort and pain in this sensitive area are of great importance for the self-esteem of any man.
They perform an important and basic function related to the production of sperm and the hormone testosterone. Their location outside the body is related to the optimum temperature required for sperm formation. It should be below 37 degrees.
Testicular pain can be a dangerous and worrisome factor that manifests itself under the influence of many and varied conditions.
Research shows that testicular cancer is the most common cancer among young men (15-35 years old). It is a fact that 99 out of 100 men who are diagnosed with early testicular cancer are cured. But more importantly, testicular pain is rarely a sign of a tumor. A painless lump in this area is usually a sign of testicular cancer. Therefore, ironically, the presence of pain in the testicles should sometimes please us, which is at least not the worst thing.
However, any pain and discomfort in the testicles is dangerous. Although the majority of palpable neoplasms are benign, it is urgent to see a doctor.
There are many possible causes of testicular pain, some are more common and some are more serious. The most common reasons:
- Direct trauma
Direct blows to the scrotum can cause unpleasant dull pain. Any man who has ever experienced such pain will remember this feeling for the rest of his life. This is why protective equipment is used in some sports. For example, in cricket. Otherwise, a ball flying at a terrible speed can cause significant damage.
Bruising or swelling in this area is usually the worst result of a direct blow. Unfortunately, direct impact injuries can persist in the injured area for several days. After such an injury, it is advisable to use special underwear, and painkillers can also be used. Cycling injuries are also among the leading ones.
Both the testicles and the epididymis are susceptible to infections caused by microorganisms. Inflammation of the testicles is also known as orchitis, and inflammation of the epididymis is also known as epididymitis.
When these two conditions occur at the same time, as they often do, the condition is called orchiepididymitis. Bacterial infections often occur in the excretory system. In this case, it is necessary to use treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics.
Another type of infection that causes pain is mumps. The clinical form of the disease occurs most often with fever, and enlargement of the parotid glands. Often the disease gives complications. Orchitis is one of them. In this case, if both testicles are inflamed, infertility may occur.
The main cause of an inguinal hernia is an increase in intra-abdominal pressure. Typical symptoms are pain, nausea, vomiting, urination disorders, and constipation. The pain is usually localized in the abdomen, and not in the scrotum, and is aggravated by movement, coughing, and sneezing.
This is one of the most common diseases of the excretory system. The clinical picture is different and depends on the size, shape, and localization of the stone and on the complications that have already arisen. A characteristic of this condition is a renal crisis, which occurs when the stone moves along the urinary tract. It is caused by physical activity, and the use of diuretic drinks, but it can appear without provocation. The pain is sudden, sharp, and localized in one-half of the lumbar region. It continues into the urethra, bladder, and genitals.