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Is COVID-19 sexually transmitted?

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Are you worried about whether the coronavirus is sexually transmitted? Because with the emergency measures against the spread of the coronavirus, what is left for a person but to seek solace in someone’s arms… When you are with a partner at home, it’s good. But with this social distance for weeks, you can’t help but take care of your health and not call a loved one in another case … Maybe not a very close person, right ?!

The lockdown measures are said to spark a new sexual revolution. This seems to be reassuring to the older Generation. Parents in the West were apparently worried that face-to-face contact among youngsters has dwindled significantly and interest in dating has been replaced by gadgets.

We certainly have different colors and we love nature. Perhaps we will set a good example for the continuation of humanity both in the West and in the East.

The question of whether the coronavirus is transmitted through sexual contact also worries scientists, probably not since yesterday, given the terrible size of the pandemic wave around the world. Researchers at the University of Utah are conducting a study on men with mild to moderate covid. No traces of the pathogen were found in the sterile testicles. The results of the study are presented in the journal Fertility and Sterility.

The study does not guarantee a zero probability of this risk one hundred percent, the authors point out but emphasize that sexual transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is extremely low.

What is the nature of the study? It was attended by 34 Chinese who provided material for research a month after recovering from covid. All of them suffered a coronavirus infection in a mild or moderate form.

However, the absence of a virus in semen does not guarantee that it cannot get into the testicles, where male germ cells are formed. In this case, the pathogen cannot be transmitted during sex, but reproductive function may be affected.

To find out whether the coronavirus is able to reach the testicles, scientists examined the expression of a pair of genes associated with infection with it. These are the angiotensin-converting protein ACE2 and the transmembrane serine protease TMPRSS2. These molecules function as receptors for the coronavirus to enter the cell.

When reviewing messenger RNA data obtained from the so-called single-cell mRNA atlas from healthy sperm donors, the scientists found that the gene pair was found in only four of the 6,500 testicular cells. This suggests, in their opinion, that SARS-CoV-2 is unlikely to enter the testicles of a man.

The researchers themselves note that their study is still limited: the number of those examined was small and none of them had a severe form of covid. The burden on the body in a severe form of the disease is completely different, and in this case, infection through semen is possible. There is no answer to this question yet, but the results obtained in this study, according to the authors, are encouraging.

For those who are wondering, it takes 74 days for sperm cells to form, another 20 days to become motile and pass through the epididymis and remain in the vas deferens for at least 6 more days before ejaculation.* This means that the study of reproductive material with a person a month after his recovery from this disease is not an absurd idea!

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